Journal of College of Physical Education https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess <p>تاسست مجله علوم التربيه الرياضية التي تصدرها عمادة كلية التربيه البدنيه وعلوم الرياضة في جامعه بابل . العراق عام 2002 باصدارها العدد الاول من المجلة وبعد مرور 15 سنه على تاسيسها لازالت المجله مستمره باصدار اربع اعداد سنويا بالاضافه على مساهمتها في اصدار اعداد خاصه بالموتمرات العلميه التي استضافتها كليه التربيه البدنيه وعلوم الرياضة في جامعه بابل وهما الموتمر العلمي الرابع عشر 2011 لكليات واقسام التربيه الرياضيه في العراق والموتمر العلمي الدولي لعلوم الرياضه 2014 .</p> en-US phy.mazin.ab@uobabylon.edu.iq (Prof. Dr. Mazin Abdel Hadi Ahmed) saif.naji.phys14@uobabylon.edu.iq (SAIF NAJI) Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 OJS 3.3.0.14 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 A battery of tests for some basic football skills to classify emerging players in Diyala according to playing positions https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1147 <p>Building a battery of tests for some basic football skills to classify emerging players in Diyala clubs according to playing positions. The researchers used the descriptive approach using the survey method and correlational relationships on a sample of (200) emerging football players, after identifying the basic skills and their tests and applying them to the research sample and processing the data statistically, using analysis. Al-Amili then classified the players. The researchers reached the most important conclusions, which are: building a test battery for some basic football skills to classify emerging players in Diyala clubs according to playing positions, consisting of (4) tests for basic skills (handling, dribbling, and controlling the ball). The researchers recommend that this battery should be used to classify emerging players according to playing positions by coaches working in clubs in Diyala. Conducting research and studies to develop test batteries for motor, skill and psychological abilities to classify and guide emerging players according to football playing positions.</p> Ali Abd Kazem Omair, prof. Dr.. Uday Abdul Hussein Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1147 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 The effect of training according to the principle of inertia in developing some biomechanical variables in front kick performance among karate players aged 13-16 years. https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1150 <p>The importance of this study lies in the fact that it will shed light on the combination between training and the principle of inertia when developing the performance of kicking skills in karate, as well as the practical importance of preparing special exercises using a means of increasing body mass or performing for the lower part of the body and knowing their effect in developing ability and speed from a mechanical standpoint. The aim of the research is to prepare special exercises according to the principle of inertia (increasing mass) to develop some biomechanical variables of explosiveness and speed in performing the front kick among karate players, and to identify the effect of special exercises according to the principle of inertia (increasing mass) on some biomechanical variables in performing the front kick. among karate players and identifying the differences between the pre- and post-tests of the experimental group in some biomechanical variables of front kick performance among karate players. The researcher used the experimental method in a single-group design in order to suit the nature of the research problem. The researcher chose the research community from karate players at the Sarouri Training Center affiliated with the Karate Development Organization. The research sample of (5) players was chosen randomly, and the researcher conducted a pre-test for the front kick skill (may Kerry) for the research sample, which consisted of (5) five players. The researcher prepared special training exercises according to one of the variables of inertia (increasing mass), and the training units were applied for a period of (8) weeks, at a rate of (3) training units per week, and at a rate of (24) training units. The researcher used statistical methods through the statistical package (SPSS) to extract the results through: the arithmetic mean, the skewness coefficient, the standard deviation, and the (t) value for the corresponding samples.</p> Teacher. Dr.. Fouad Nouri Saeed Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1150 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 The effect of plyometric exercises on some bio motor abilities and the accuracy index of high-jump shooting for handball players https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1151 <p>Handball is one of the team games that enjoys great popularity at the local and international levels because this game is distinguished by its wonderful combination of technical performance and fast rhythm, which impresses the audience, especially when scoring goals. Training curricula are prepared according to the scientific foundations followed in sports training in order to Improving the level of physical performance depends greatly on the development of bio-motor abilities as it is the basis upon which the player’s preparation and building is based properly. Therefore, the importance of research lies in the effect of plyometric exercises on some bio-motor abilities and the indicator of accuracy in shooting from jumping high for handball players. The researchers did not find a training curriculum based on A scientific basis that raises the level of bio-motor abilities by trainers, and they do not express special importance in the elements of special motor abilities. Hence, the urgent need for this research emerged and its idea of preparing exercises was crystallized. From here, the researchers decided to develop a training program using plyometric exercises in some bio-motor abilities and the indicator of accuracy in shooting from jumping. Highly for handball players. The research aims to determine the effect of plyometric exercises on some biokinetic abilities and the accuracy index of shooting from jumping high for handball players, statistically significant differences between the results of the pre- and post-tests for biomotor abilities and the accuracy index of aiming from jumping high for handball players. As for the research methodology, the researchers used Experimental approach: The researchers selected the research sample from the players of the Sulaymaniyah Handball Club, which numbered (10) players.</p> prof.Dr. Hoshyar Abdul Rahman Muhammad, Mariwan Hassan Muhammad Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1151 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 The effect of tactical skills training using the stations method on the performance level of advanced basketball players https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1155 <p>The goal of the research is to identify “the effect of tactical skills training on (determinants) of the level of performance among advanced basketball players and to identify the differences between pre- and post-tests of (determinants) of the level of performance among advanced basketball players.”</p> <p>The research hypothesized: “There are statistically significant differences between the pre- and post-tests of the research group in (determinants of) the level of performance of the advanced basketball players under investigation.” The nature of the study necessitated the researchers to use a single-group experimental approach, and the research community included players from Iraqi Basketball Premier League clubs, the applicant category for the 2021-2022 season, who numbered 12 clubs. The research sample included players from the North Oil Sports Club in Kirkuk Governorate, and the researchers adopted many means of collecting data, including physical tests and a set of devices and tools. A reconnaissance experiment was conducted on the players of the North Gas Club to identify the problems and negatives that the researchers might face during the main experiment (pre- and post-test). ) And develop the training program in a way that trains stations. The data was processed using the statistical package (SPSS</p> Faisal Ghazi Nouri, Prof. Dr. Amal Saber Ali Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1155 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 The effect of scheduling the variable random and random fixed exercises on learning the art of performing the skills of crushing and blocking in volleyball. https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1156 <p>The aim of the research is to identify the effect of scheduling variable random and random fixed exercises in learning the art of skill performance for the skills of smash hit and blocking wall with volleyball. The researchers used the experimental method by designing two equal groups with a pre- and post-test. The research population was determined from second-year students in the College of Physical Education and... Blame sports At the University of Kirkuk for the academic year (2022-2023) for morning study, the number of which is (87) students distributed in two sections (A) with (43) students and section (B) with (44) students. (10) students were randomly selected from each section. The main research sample was (20) students distributed into two groups (10) students for the first experimental group and (10) students for the second experimental group from the overall research community, and (20) students were chosen from the community. They were urged to represent the sample of the exploratory experiment and were excluded from the main sample. In order to control the characteristics of the sample, a process of homogeneity and equivalence was conducted between the two experimental research groups in the skills of crushing and blocking, and then the main experiment was applied, which included educational units, then post-tests were conducted, and then the Data: Appropriate statistical operations for tests were conducted in order to reach the results. The researchers concluded that implementing the variable random exercise and the fixed random exercise had an impact in learning the skills of crushing and blocking the wall for the students of the second stage, and contributed clearly to learning the art of performing skills for the student.</p> Qutaiba Suwayd Jassim, Assis prof.Dr. Murad Ahmed Yas Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1156 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 The effectiveness of an educational program based on the Woods model in learning the football scoring skill for students of the Specialized School https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1157 <p>The research aims to prepare an educational program based on the Woods model that is compatible with the level of the research sample, and to identify the effectiveness of an educational program based on the Woods model in learning the football scoring skill for students of the specialized school, and the preference between the two groups. The experimental research method was adopted for two equal groups, and it was The sample is five-a-side football players from middle school students at the Specialized School (Anbar Governorate Education Directorate - School Sports Activity Department) for the academic year 2021-2022. They were deliberately selected, and they numbered (40) players aged (13-15) years, and after verifying the homogeneity of the sample. The research was conducted on parity between the two groups, and the researchers followed a set of scientific procedures, such as a reconnaissance experiment to test scoring skill. The Woods model program took (6) weeks, and the experimental group applied it at a rate of two units per week, at a rate of two units per week. The study reached a number of conclusions, including: The Woods Model program outperformed the method used in learning the scoring skill, and the most important recommendations that the study concluded were to move towards using modern models in motor learning, including the Woods model, paying attention to specialized schools and providing modern requirements in motor learning of sports skills for five-a-side football.</p> Teacher . Dr. Enas Abdel Fattah Al-Khair, Louay Mishaan Shandoukh Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1157 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 The influence of tactical approach exercises and playing on learning the skills of handling and shooting in handball https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1158 <p>The research was characterized by the use of tactical approaches and playing exercises to teach female students some forms of handball handling and shooting skills. The research used the experimental method by designing two equal groups with pre- and post-tests. This study was applied to a sample of female students in the second stage at the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences - University of Basra for the academic year (2021-2022), who numbered (50) students, divided equally into two control groups. And experimental. Appropriate methods, tools, and tests were used that suit the research requirements, and after obtaining the results from the tests, they were processed statistically using the statistical package (SPSS). The study came out with conclusions, the most important of which are: Tactical approaches and playing style exercises have a clear impact on learning to perform the skills of handling and shooting handball for members of the research sample.</p> Prof. Dr. Naji Mutshar Ezzat Al-Badr, Prof. Dr. Raed Abdel Amir, Prof. Dr. Maher Abdullah Salman, Zahraa Saad Hassan Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1158 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Design and standardization of the self-talk scale for students applied in the fourth stage of the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Basra https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1159 <p>The teaching profession is a sacred profession, and it is the profession of the apostles and prophets. It has been viewed with great respect and respect throughout the ages, and no human civilization has been devoid of it, regardless of its level, because it is the profession that deals with the human mind. However, what we notice about teaching at the present time is that some teachers look to this profession for the sake of Financial compensation. He also teaches the subject without prior planning for the process, so he teaches it without even knowing what the subject is that he will teach and without knowing or defining the goals, which he is supposed to achieve in the end at the end of the lesson and without specifying the method and choosing it in a way that suits the material that he is presenting. Without using means that help deliver the material to the learner, without knowing how to ensure that the goals are achieved or the extent of their achievement by the learners, hence the importance of the research by designing and codifying a measure of self-talk for applied students in order to identify the strengths and weaknesses of the applied student, in addition to knowing the level of self-talk. For the applied student in order to advance the educational process. The self-talk scale was designed and standardized for students applied at the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, University of Basra. And setting standard levels and grades for the scale. The researchers used the descriptive approach in the style of a survey study. The research community was determined from male and female students of the fourth stage at the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences - University of Basra for the academic year 2021/2022, and they numbered 248 male and female students, with a ratio of (177) male and (71) female students. As for the research sample, it was (100) male and female students, i.e. a percentage (40.323%) The researchers adopted this percentage for the project with the rest of the field procedures for the research, and the research sample was divided into the construction sample, the standardization sample, and the exploratory experiment sample.</p> prof. Dr. Nahida Hamed Mashkoor, prof. Dr. Intisar Ahmed Othman Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1159 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Building and evaluating administrative empowerment in the swimming pools of Sulaymaniyah Governorate https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1160 <p>Sports activities have become one of the most important factors that help to grow and build societies, and develop the personality of individuals in all aspects. The sports field constitutes a broad, open and logical model for applications of various management sciences, especially since we live in a developed world based on science and practical application, and physical education should not lag behind in catching up with development, especially after practicing sports activities has become one of the basics in the lives of many members of society and within their daily program to achieve The goals they want to achieve, including fitness, health, good appearance, human relationships, and getting rid of the pressures of work and life. Sports are a means of adapting to the requirements of modern life, in which the importance of maintaining an individual’s physical fitness and improving his internal systems has increased</p> <p>Sports, in all its activities, have become an important part of the service sector. The research aims to build a measure of administrative empowerment. Evaluating the work of swimming pools departments in administrative empowerment from the point of view of administrators in the swimming pools administration in Sulaymaniyah Governorate. Identifying the differences between the hypothesized arithmetic mean of the scale and the mean of the research sample on administrative empowerment. The researchers used the descriptive survey method to suit the nature of the research.</p> Haori jaza Ali, Prof.Dr.. Naseer Qasim Khalaf, Prof.Dr.. Araz Nouri Mahmoud Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1160 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Evaluating thinking styles according to the Sternberg model and their contribution to psychological sanity among handball players in the Iraqi Premier League https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1161 <p>The study aimed to prepare a measure of thinking styles according to Sternberg’s theory among handball players in the Iraqi Premier League, construct a measure of psychological sanity among handball players in the Iraqi Premier League, and prepare a measure of self- and social compatibility for handball players in the Iraqi Premier League. The two researchers used the descriptive approach that It has a special place in the field of psychological research. The research community was represented by handball players in the Iraqi Premier League for the sports season (2022-2023), who numbered (243) players representing (15) clubs. The two researchers reached several conclusions, the most important of which are the standards prepared and designed by the researcher. The ability to measure each of the thinking styles, self-social harmony, and psychological sanity among handball players in the Iraqi Premier League. The thinking styles (conservative, local, hierarchical, governance, legislative, and external) have highly statistically significant correlations, respectively, with psychological sanity among the research sample.</p> Nour Hazem Anaid, prof. Dr. Mithaq Ghazi Muhammad Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1161 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Obstacles to applying the blended learning method from the point of view of faculty members at Saladin University https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1162 <p>The research aims to identify the obstacles to applying the blended learning method from the point of view of faculty members at Saladin University during the academic year (2021-2022) by doing:</p> <p>Preparing a measure of the obstacles to applying the blended learning method from the point of view of faculty members at Saladin University/Erbil, then identifying those obstacles that stand as a barrier to its application at the aforementioned university from the point of view of faculty members, and then identifying the statistical differences in the obstacles that Facing the application of blended learning from the point of view of faculty members according to the variables of gender, academic specialization, and experience. The study used the descriptive survey method, and to collect data, a questionnaire (2) was prepared, the first for faculty members, consisting of four areas in the form of a scale consisting of (40) items, which was applied to a sample of (321) faculty members, thus forming The questionnaire consists of four areas, which are administrative obstacles, financial technology, obstacles related to the curriculum and evaluation methods, social obstacles, and obstacles related to faculty members. After extracting the validity and reliability coefficient, the researchers applied the scale to the sample members and the data was analyzed statistically using the (Spss) program</p> Hawkar Rahman Abdullah, prof. Dr.. Hussein Saadi Ibrahim Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1162 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Dimensions of psychological burnout and its relationship to the psychological toughness of players in Premier League handball clubs https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1163 <p>The importance of this study lies in the fact that the phenomenon of psychological burnout is a psychological phenomenon that obstructs athletic achievement and reduces the level of handball players in the Premier League because this phenomenon is characterized by many dimensions, some of which may affect the level of handball players in the Premier League due to the somewhat close levels between the teams and the high intensity of competition, which led to the focus On the training or technical aspects, as for the research problem, the problem crystallizes on a set of questions that determine the dimensions of the problem and surround the topic of choice for this study and attempts to develop effective solutions to it, which are:</p> <ul> <li class="show">What is the importance of knowing a number of psychological phenomena and the interaction between them and the extent of their impact on handball players</li> <li class="show">Is there a relationship between the topics of the study and the extent to which they influence each other and their impact on Premier League handball players?</li> <li class="show">The lack of studies that have addressed the issue of psychological burnout and linked it to topics such as the psychological toughness of handball players in the Premier League.</li> <li class="show">What is the role of psychological burnout on handball players and the extent of the role of psychological toughness for Premier League players in reducing this?</li> </ul> <p>The objectives of the research were to build and apply a measure of the dimensions of psychological burnout among players of premium-class handball clubs, prepare and apply a measure of psychological toughness among players of premium-class handball clubs, and establish standard levels for a measure of the dimensions of psychological burnout and psychological toughness among players of premium-class handball clubs. And to identify the level of dimensions of psychological burnout and psychological toughness among players of premium-class handball clubs, and to identify the relationship between the dimensions of the psychological burnout scale and psychological toughness among players of premium-class handball clubs.</p> Hoda Alaa Manea, prof. Dr.. Abdul Abbas Abdul Razzaq Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1163 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 The effect of a training curriculum on developing strength, speed and heart rate for football players under 19 years of age https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1165 <p><strong>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; </strong>The importance of the research lies in identifying the training status of the players and studying the physical and physiological aspects for the purpose of developing strength characterized by speed and heart rate (blood pressure, heart rate, physical efficiency) through a proposed training curriculum, as they are among the physiological indicators that reflect the functional state of the circulatory and respiratory systems to maintain the level. Sports for the maximum possible period for football players (youth category) under (19) years of age. The problem of the research was that most young players have a weakness in strength and speed, which has a clear impact on the balance in their performance and physical skills in the correct manner, which is reflected in their functional capabilities, and that the lack of interest in this aspect led the researchers to delve into preparing appropriate exercises to develop the physical ability and functional variables of the players. Young people to help them improve their level of performance in this game. The sample was represented by a number of players from the Diyala Youth and Sports Directorate at the Al-Muqdadiya and Al-Khalis Youth Forum, amounting to (28) football players who were chosen intentionally. They were divided into two experimental and control groups by lottery, each group consisting of (14) players. The study also reached a number of conclusions, including (the training curriculum exercises contributed to developing the physical ability and functional variables of the players. The training curriculum had a positive impact on the level of recovery after the effort, a decrease in the level of the heart rate during the three-minute period immediately after the completion of the effort) and recommendations (adopting the components of the curriculum Training: When training players, coaches must emphasize developing the strength and speed of the players, and pay attention to raising the level of efficiency of the players’ functional systems<strong>.</strong></p> Assis Teacher. Hisham Raad Fakhry Saba Al Khafaji, Teacher . Rawaq Natiq Muhammad Ali Sharif, Wissam Abdul Razzaq Jabara Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1165 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 An analytical study of the types of sports injuries and the causes of their occurrence among fourth-year students in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1166 <p>The research problem called for the researcher to conduct this study as she is teaching at the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences in order to identify the types of sports injuries and the causes of their occurrence in order to contribute to reducing their spread with the aim of preserving the health and safety of students and focusing efforts to reduce their occurrence and continue the educational process successfully and also lead to deprivation. Injured students are unable to acquire motor skills in practical lessons during their time at the college due to these injuries and the irregularity of their work for a short or long period, depending on the severity of the injury, in addition to the physical, psychological, and material suffering they suffer. Objectives of the research: Identifying the types of sports injuries among fourth-year students in the College of Education. Physical and sports sciences. Finding differences in the types of sports injuries and the reasons for their occurrence among fourth-year students in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences. Research hypothesis: There are statistically significant differences in the types of sports injuries and the reasons for their occurrence among fourth-year students in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences. The objectives of the research: to identify the types of sports injuries among fourth-year students in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences. Identifying the causes of sports injuries among fourth-year students in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences. Research hypothesis: There are statistically significant differences in the types of sports injuries and the reasons for their occurrence among fourth-year students in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences. Research Methodology: The researcher used the descriptive method using the survey method to suit the nature of the problem. Research population and sample: The original population consisted of students in the fourth stage/Department of Basic Education, numbering 54 students for the academic year 2022-2023. In order to achieve the goals of the research and its hypothesis, a sample must be chosen that represents the community faithfully, so the researcher chose the research sample from students in the fourth stage who had injuries. Diverse, their number reached (33) infected students, so the percentage is (61%(</p> Teacher . Hilala Burhan Mahmoud, Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1166 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Building a measure of social interaction for kindergarten children aged (4-6) years https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1167 <p>The importance of research has emerged by building a measure of social interaction for kindergarten children aged (4-6) years, which will contribute to their future interaction with the environment that surrounds them and also increase the development of their ability to skills and abilities and move them to the special sports skills on which all sports activities and games depend. The research problem was summarized in the presence There was a weakness in the lack of interaction of children while playing with other children due to the isolation of children at the present time in their homes on electronic devices, and also the lack of use of purposeful games in kindergartens that develop their interaction with the environment and other children to fill those gaps and thus cause them not to develop their capabilities for basic skills and motor abilities. It was The most important objectives of the research are to design small games according to the strategy of learning through play and social interaction for children aged 4-6 years, as well as building a measure of social interaction for children aged 4-6 years. As for the third chapter, it deals with the research methodology and its field procedures, as the research sample was deliberately selected from children. Al-Yamamah Kindergarten, numbering (130) male and female children for the academic year (2022-2023), while the fifth chapter dealt with the conclusions and recommendations, the most important of which was the emergence of statistically significant differences between the results of the pre-test and the results of the post-test for the experimental and control groups in all research tests, which indicates that The play-learning strategy used in the research has contributed greatly to the development of social interaction and the development of some motor abilities and some basic skills for kindergarten children aged (4-6) years. The most important recommendations are the use of the social interaction scale for kindergarten children prepared by the researchers for children at the beginning of a new school year with the help of Kindergarten teachers to know the unwanted gaps in children and the positives and negatives that children face in their lives, to identify the level of social interaction of Iraqi children.</p> Hind Adel Ghazi, Assis prof. Dr. Hikmat Abdel Sattar Alwan Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1167 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 The effect of direct auditory feedback on learning the technical performance of freestyle swimming for beginners https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1169 <p>The study aims to know the effect of feedback using wireless water communication in learning the technical performance of free swimming for beginners. The researchers used the experimental method to suit the nature of the problem and the goal of the research. The research population consisted of participants in the summer course for teaching swimming in the (Sports Center) swimming pool in the district of Kalar, who numbered (27) children. As for the research sample, they numbered (20) children whose ages ranged from ( (10-12) years, as the percentage of the sample reached (74%) from the community of origin, and based on the characteristics of the research sample, the researcher divided the individuals of the research sample into two homogeneous groups by lottery method, and each group consists of (10) beginner children for the two research groups, the group ( A) the experimental group and (B) the control group, who could not swim at all. The researchers concluded:</p> <p>1- Direct auditory feedback using wireless water communication technology has an effective effect in learning the technical performance of free swimming.</p> <p>2- The experimental group members outperformed the control group members in the freestyle technical performance test.</p> <p><strong>&nbsp;</strong></p> Hushyar Omar Hussein, Prof. Dr. . Kazhal Kaka Hama Saeed Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1169 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Personal characteristics of artistic gymnastics lesson teachers and their relationship to the level of their teaching competence during the lesson from the students’ point of view https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1170 <p>The aim of the research is to prepare a questionnaire for the personal characteristics of teachers of artistic gymnastics from the point of view of female students. And to prepare a questionnaire for the teaching competencies of teachers of artistic gymnastics from the point of view of female students. And to identify the personal characteristics of teachers of artistic gymnastics from the point of view of female students. And to identify the teaching competencies of teachers of artistic gymnastics. From the point of view of the female students. And to find the correlation between the personal traits and the teaching competencies of teachers of artistic gymnastics from the point of view of the female students. The current research population was determined from all the female students of the (second and third) stage for the morning study in the Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences - College of Basic Education. -Al-Mustansiriya University, where their number reached (54) female students distributed over the two stages (the second and third). The researcher took the population as a whole, with a percentage of (100%) due to the small size of the population, and that sample was relied upon in preparing the two scales and applying them to the same sample. The most prominent recommendations were the necessity of using modern methods used in teaching artistic gymnastics, which helps to improve and develop the lesson correctly. Increasing the incentive to encourage and reward students who perform the exercises correctly during the lesson.</p> Teacher. Dr. Wafa Yahya Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1170 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Disturbed personality types among volleyball players in sports clubs in the Kurdistan Region https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1171 <p>The study aimed to identify the common patterns of disturbed personality among volleyball players, and to identify the significance of the differences in the patterns of disturbed personality among volleyball players in sports clubs in the Kurdistan Region - Iraq according to the following variables: (age, academic qualification, training age, gender, governorate). ). The sample consists of (280) male and female players. There are (210) male and female (70) players who practice volleyball distributed among (20) clubs in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, and the sample includes (52.6%) of the research community. The scale (Rahal, 2011) was adopted, consisting of (90) items distributed over (9) dimensions, which are disordered personality types: hysterical, paranoid, depressive, antisocial, avoidant, borderline, narcissistic, obsessive, and dependent), and in front of each item there are five Alternatives to answer. The data was processed statistically using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS), and the results showed the following: a low level of these disordered personality types in the research sample as a whole, and the presence of a statistically significant difference at the significance level (0.05) for the age variable in four of these types, which are hysterical, Paranoia, obsessiveness, and dependence. There was a statistically significant difference at the significance level (0.05) attributed to the academic qualification variable in one of those types, which is the narcissism style, in favor of institute graduates. There was a statistically significant difference at the significance level (0.05) for the gender variable, and the differences were in favor of the gender group. Male.</p> prof. Dr. Ahmed Qasim Muhammad, Assis prof .Dr. dunia Sabah Ali Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1171 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 The effect of the differentiated learning strategy on cognitive achievement and learning the skills of forward and backward defensive movements and defensive movements to cover the handball blitz. https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1172 <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>In the introduction to their research, the two researchers touched on the educational process, as the tremendous scientific progress in knowledge has a significant impact in creating a gap between countries in terms of their progress, and we find ourselves as a developing country in dire need to benefit from the developments taking place in various fields by using modern strategies that help To deliver information in the simplest and easiest ways, which reduces a lot of effort and effort, and takes into account individual differences among students.</p> <p>There are several learning strategies that can become part of the educational curriculum in learning basic handball skills, including the differentiated education strategy and its importance in achieving success. It enables the teacher to identify cognitive achievement by measuring the outcomes of the educational process of basic knowledge and information in the specialized field.</p> <p>The research problem was crystallized through the researcher’s interest in the game of handball and his being a physical education teacher. The researcher noticed the neglect of the use and diversity of modern teaching methods in learning handball skill performance, which led to the neglect of improving performance in the required manner and thus a weakness in the cognitive achievement of the handball subject. The reason for this is that most of the methods The methods used in teaching do not give a major role to the student in building knowledge, which causes a weakness in cognitive achievement, and this is what prevents the development of aspects that improve the skill performance of the game of handball.</p> <p>The researchers used the experimental approach in the style of equal groups, an experimental group and a control group, for its suitability in solving the research problem. The research complex was filled with students of the second stage for the academic year 2022-2023, who numbered (96 students).</p> <p>The research sample was (B and C), with the number of sample members being (62) students, divided into two groups, control and experimental, with (31) students in each group.</p> Ahmed Qasim Mohammed, Assis prof .Dr. The world of Sabah Ali Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1172 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Administrative processes for heads of sports clubs in Nineveh Governorate from the point of view of members Its administrative bodies https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1173 <p>The research aimed to identify the level of administrative operations for heads of Iraqi sports clubs in Nineveh Governorate from the point of view of members of the administrative body. For the purpose of achieving this goal, the researchers resorted to building a measure of the administrative processes of heads of sports clubs in Nineveh Governorate, where the researchers used the descriptive approach to suit the nature of the current research, and the research community included members of the administrative bodies of (14) sports clubs who received an evaluation by the Ministry of Youth and Sports. Iraqi sports season</p> <p>&nbsp; 2022-2023. A group of statistical methods were used to reach the results. The researchers concluded that heads of sports clubs in Nineveh Governorate resort to adopting sound administrative procedures based on administrative principles and elements that guarantee the achievement of good results. The researchers recommend the necessity of urging members within the sports club to adopt the correct scientific foundations when developing and designing various sports programs.</p> Assis prof .Dr. Ahmed Raad Ibrahim, Teacher . Muntaser Mayouf Thanoun, Assis prof.Dr. Muhammad Khairuddin Saleh Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1173 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 The effect of plyometric exercises on some aspects of muscle strength and snatch performance among lifters https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1174 <p>Weightlifting depends on strength, muscular and explosive ability, and correct skill performance, which is represented by lifting the highest weights in the snatch and clean. There are many aspects of muscular strength, including maximum and explosive strength, which are among the basic components of lifters.</p> <p>Recent changes have occurred in the process of preparing lifters, especially in the part related to developing muscular and explosive strength, and one of the most recent changes is the practice of plyometric exercises in different methods. The researchers chose two training methods for plyometric exercises, one of which was performing the exercises using body weight, and the other was performing the same exercises by adding additional weight to the body weight. Hence, the importance of the research became clear, so that these exercises were different and varied within the training program and intensified with training units for lifters to develop aspects of muscular strength, which is of utmost importance in achievement. For lifters, especially the snatch, which is the first lift in competitions. This is to supplement the training process in weightlifting, improve their physical abilities, and develop their skill and achievement performance in a scientific manner.</p> <p>The research aims to identify the differences between the pre- and post-tests between the two experimental and control groups for each of the variables of aspects of muscular strength and snatch achievement among lifters.</p> <p>And to identify the rate of development for the two experimental groups due to the effect of plyometric exercises for all research variables.</p> <p>And to identify the size of the effect for the two experimental groups on the effect of plyometric exercises on all variables of aspects of muscular strength and achievement among lifters.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Dr.. Aram Khader Muhammad, Prof. Dr. Sarhank Abdul Khaleq Abdullah Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1174 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Building a model of the movement path of the weight in the deadlift using the traditional method https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1175 <p>The research aims to identify the values of some kinematic and geometric variables in the deadlift using the traditional method. Drawing the kinetic paths of the weight in the deadlift in the traditional way.</p> <p>And achieving the construction of an applied model of the movement path of the research sample for deadlifting in the traditional way.</p> <p>The researchers used the descriptive method using the analytical method to suit the nature of the research. The research sample consisted of advanced lifters, and their number was (10) lifters who were chosen intentionally.</p> <p>The researchers used a questionnaire, test, and technical scientific observation, and they were conducted using a high-speed video camera, type Sony a7R Mark III, 120 images per second.</p> <p>The researchers used kinematic analysis programs (Kenova 0.9.5) to obtain the kinematic variables of the movement path of the weight and the goniometric in the deadlift. The data were processed statistically using the SPSS v.27 statistical package. The researchers concluded that there is a similarity in the form of the movement path of the deadlift in the traditional way among the members of the research sample, without cutting the imaginary line descending to Earth’s gravity, except for one quarter, meaning 90% of the individuals in the research sample do not have a cutting of the imaginary line descending to Earth’s gravity.</p> Aram Taha Youssef Zanganeh, Prof. Dr. Wadih Yassin Muhammad Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1175 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Critical thinking and its relationship to social conditioning among female students in colleges of physical education and sports sciences In the universities of the Middle Euphrates https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1176 <p>The researcher drew on the developments of the new era, including scientific and cognitive acceleration in most aspects of life, as it is one of the most important ways of human knowledge and is in the process of progress in accordance with the principles of scientific research, and to the role and importance of critical thinking and its relationship to social conditioning among female students of the faculties of physical education and sports sciences in the universities of the Middle Euphrates.</p> <p>The study aims to identify critical thinking and its relationship to social conditioning among female students in the faculties of physical education and sports sciences in the universities of the Middle Euphrates. The research aimed to identify the degree of critical thinking and social adaptation among female students who practice sports activity and those who do not practice it. And to identify the correlation between critical thinking and its relationship to social conditioning among female students in the faculties of physical education and sports sciences in the universities of the Middle Euphrates.</p> <p>The descriptive approach was used using the survey method to achieve the research objectives. The research community included female students in the faculties of physical education and sports sciences at the universities of the Middle Euphrates (2020-2021), and the research sample was chosen by (150) individuals distributed among the universities of the Middle Euphrates. Through what emerged from the results of the statistical analysis of the data and the study of the variables, conclusions were reached, the most important of which is that there are significant differences in critical thinking and its relationship to social adjustment among female students of the faculties of physical education and sports sciences in the universities of the Middle Euphrates.</p> Teacher . Asaad Jawaid Abdel Ali Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1176 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 The roles of future physical education teachers as presented by the physical education curriculum based on the knowledge economy in the Mafraq district https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1177 <p>The world is now heading towards a new phase and a comprehensive revolution in which old activities and technologies are declining to be replaced by new activities and technology, which depend on mental work distinguished by creativity and the generation of new information that is suitable for confirming more accurate and sophisticated information and used in developing new technology.</p> <p>The concept of knowledge is not a new thing. Knowledge has accompanied man since the opening of his consciousness, and has risen with him from its primitive levels, accompanying the expansion and depth of his awareness, until it has reached its current peak.</p> <p>However, what is new today is the extent of its impact on economic and social life and on the human lifestyle in general, thanks to the scientific and technological revolution. The last quarter of the twentieth century witnessed the greatest change in human life, the third transformation after the emergence of agriculture and industry, and was represented by the revolution of highly advanced science and technology in the electronic, nuclear, physical, biological, and space fields. The information and communications revolution played a pioneering role in this transformation, as it enabled humans to impose their control over nature to the extent that the factor of cognitive development became more influential in life than other factors.</p> Dr.. Asmaa Abu Arida, Dr.. Qutaiba Ahmed Qasim Al-Harahsheh, Dr.. Bashar Suleiman Abdel Naeem Al Khazaleh, Raafat Al-Adili Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1177 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Assertive behavior and its relationship to the level of ambition among female soccer players in the halls of Fatat Erbil Sports Club https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1178 <p>The aim of the research is to identify the relationship between assertive behavior and the level of ambition among female football players in the halls of the Fatat Erbil Sports Club. The researcher used the descriptive approach in the style of mutual relations because it seeks to collect data from members of society and attempts to determine the current state of society in certain variables through the use of both: Measures of assertive behavior and the level of ambition among female football players in the Erbil Girls Club halls. The measures were used as research tools, and the researcher used a number of statistical methods to process the results she obtained, such as the arithmetic mean, standard deviation, and simple correlation coefficient (Pearson). The research sample was chosen from the research community consisting of (20) female futsal players, and after presenting and discussing the results, the researcher concluded that there is a strong positive moral relationship between assertive behavior and the level of sporting ambition of the Erbil club’s futsal football players. In light of the conclusions that have been reached, the benefit and necessity of paying attention to women in all aspects of life and in all games, especially the psychological aspect, as the inclusion of a psychologist in women’s football teams has become more than necessary. The coach and administrator must also pay attention and focus on the effort exerted by the female player, not the result, and work to increase the confidence of the female soccer player in competitive and training situations. Conduct studies to develop training programs to enhance assertive behavior in various competitive sports. And develop the characteristic level of ambition among female players, which is consistent with reality. Sports and social development to serve their future successes and work to prevent them from falling into despair and frustration.</p> Teacher .Dr. Bekhal is forgiving and honorable Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1178 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 A survey of the levels of social adaptation of those practicing sports activities in state care homes https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1179 <p>&nbsp; The role of the orphanage institution includes in its nature many different talents and abilities of a distinct nature in general, in addition to its other aspect, which concerns us in our research, which is sporting excellence. The researcher also noted the lack of scientific research that addressed this social aspect related to sporting events, despite the fact that this category is among The categories that most need realistic study have priorities, including raising the morale of athletes in this category and increasing moral support. The research aims to build a measure of social adaptation for students in state care homes in the southern region, and to identify the level of social adaptation for students in state care homes in the southern region. The research community focused on state welfare homes in the southern region for the academic year 2021-2022, which includes the governorates of (Dhi Qar, Maysan, and Basra), numbering (140) students. The researcher concluded the validity of the social adaptation scale. Prepared by the researchers to measure the social adaptation of students in state care homes who practice sports activities. The sample has different levels of social adaptation based on the results shown by the mathematical circles and standard levels. Practicing sports activities helps students in state care homes to adapt and socialize.</p> Hazem Maan Abd Ali, , Prof. Dr. Imad Kazem Yasser Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1179 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 An educational program based on visual thinking networks in flexible thinking and some basic football skills https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1180 <p>The importance of the research lies in using an educational program according to visual thinking networks to identify its effect on flexible thinking and some basic football skills for the students of Al-Israa Middle School for Boys, first grade, in the Diwaniyah District Center in the Diwaniyah Education Directorate for the academic year (2022-2023), who number (134) students. They represent (4) classes, and the researcher used the experimental approach in the style of two equal groups to suit it in applying his field procedures. As for the research sample, it included (32) students who were chosen by lottery and were from the two divisions (C and D), and those who were chosen by lottery became division ( d) Experimental group and division</p> <p>(c) The control sample. The necessary tools and equipment were used in the research and the steps for its implementation, which included preparing an educational program according to the visual thinking networks, the exploratory experiment, and the main field experiment included in the pre-tests, applying an educational program according to the visual thinking networks, and then the post-tests. The researcher concluded that the students needed an educational program. According to visual thinking networks to help them in flexible thinking and some basic skills in football, the researcher recommends taking advantage of modern programs in lectures because of their major role in flexible thinking and some basic skills in football.</p> Assis Teacher . Haider Ayed Jabbar Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1180 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 The reality of the availability of material and human capabilities to make school scout camps a success from the point of view of decision-makers https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1181 <p>The research aimed to prepare a special questionnaire regarding the availability of material and human capabilities from the point of view of scout leaders in Iraq. And to identify the availability of material and human capabilities to manage school scout camps from the point of view of scout leaders in Iraq. The researcher identified a research population of decision-makers in Iraq, the Directorate of Sports and Scouting Activity in Iraq, where the current research population reached (378) decision-makers, 100% of whom were distributed in the directorates of sports and scouting activity in Iraq, where the researcher was limited to the Ministry of Education because the sample was close to The researcher adopted the percentage (50%) of the current research population by taking this percentage randomly, as the sample of the current research amounted to (189) decision makers. The simple random method (lottery) was relied upon in selecting the sample, and then the current research sample of which was divided (189) to (3) samples (exploratory - stability - application). The most prominent recommendations are the necessity of instilling morals and organizational values among students in order for the students to correctly understand the goals of school scout camps. The goals set by those in charge of managing the scout camp must be realistic and properly understood. It is necessary that those in charge of managing the scout camps have a clear future vision about achieving the goals of the scout camp.</p> Teacher .Dr. Haider Abdul Hussein Jassim Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1181 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 أثر التدريس بالاكتشاف القائم على المعنى في تعليم فعالية رمي الرمح للطلاب https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1182 <p>هدف البحث الى اعداد منهاج تعليمي وفق نمط التعلم بالاكتشاف القائم على المعنى لتعليم فعالية رمي الرمح، والتعرف على تأثير المنهاج التعليمي وفق نمط التعلم بالاكتشاف القائم على المعنى المعد من قبل الباحثون في تعليم فعالية رمي الرمح والتعرف على اي المنهجين أفضل المعد من قبل الباحثون ام المتبع من قبل المدرس.&nbsp; وافترضت الدراسة الى انه توجد فروق ذات دلالة معنوية لمجموعتي البحث التجريبية والضابطة في الاختبارات القبلة والبعدية ولصالح الاختبارات البعدية في فعالية رمي الرمح، وكذلك توجد فروق ذات دلالة معنوية بين مجموعتي البحث في الاختبارات البعدية ولصالح الاختبارات البعدية في تعليم فعالية رمي رمح. &nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> <p>وأستخدم الباحثون المنهج التجريبي ذو تصميم المجموعة التجريبية والمجموعة الضابطة لملائمته لطبيعة ومشكلة البحث ، حدد الباحثون مجتمع بحثه وهم طلاب المرحلة الاولى/كلية التربية البدنية وعلوم الرياضة – جامعة البصرة للعام الدراسي 2021- 2022 والبالغ عددهم (180) طالباً موزعين على (10) شعب من الدراسة الصباحية والمسائية يدرسون مفردات مادة الساحة والميدان المقررة من قبل الهيئة القطاعية.</p> <p>أما عينة البحث فقد تم اختيارها وتقسيمها بطريقة القرعة (عينة بناء وعينة تطبيق وعينة استطلاعية)</p> حيدر احمد مجيد, أ.د. حسين علي محسن, أ.د. صباح عبد الله إبراهيم Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1182 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 The research aimed to prepare exercises specifically for the circular method to develop some physical abilities and one of the most important offensive skills, which is jumping shooting for young female basketball players. The researchers went to use the https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1184 <p>The research aimed to prepare exercises specifically for the circular method to develop some physical abilities and one of the most important offensive skills, which is jumping shooting for young female basketball players. The researchers went to use the experimental approach by designing the experimental and control groups to suit the nature of the problem. The research sample was selected from the young female players of the North Gas Club in Sulaymaniyah Governorate, Iraq, as an experimental group, and the Aphrodite Club as a control group, with (6) female players in each group. The arithmetic mean of the research sample in measurements of height, weight, chronological age, and training age was.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;Two exploratory experiments were conducted, the first for the purpose of establishing the scientific conditions for the tests under research and the second for the purpose of testing the application of the training curriculum. This was followed by conducting the pre-test, after which the main research experiment was carried out and then the post-test was conducted. The experimental curriculum was applied for a period of (8) weeks, with (4) training units per week. The statistical package (SPSS) was used to obtain the research results. The researchers concluded from the study that applying the curriculum led to a significant development in the skill of jumping shooting and some physical abilities, and it is important to focus on special strength exercises and the exciting circular method in developing the physical qualities of young female basketball players, as well as focusing on interactive exercises in training offensive skills. This enables the coach to develop the physical qualities of performance</p> Haneen Safaa Salman, Rizkar Muhammad Rauf Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1184 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 The effect of the constructivist learning model on creative thinking and some basic basketball skills for students of the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Al-Muthanna University https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1185 <p>The importance of the research lies in the use of an educational model, which is the constructivist learning model, to identify its effect on creative thinking and some basic basketball skills for first-year students in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Al-Muthanna University, for the academic year (2021-2022), who number (65) students representing (3) divisions. The researcher used the experimental approach in the manner of two equal groups for its suitability in applying field procedures. The research sample included (26) students who were chosen by lottery and were from my division.</p> <p>(B, D), which were chosen by lottery, became (D) the experimental group and (B) the control group. The necessary tools and equipment were used in the research and the steps for its implementation, which included preparing the constructivist learning model, the reconnaissance experiment, and the main field experiment included in the pre-tests and applying the model. Constructive learning, then post-tests. The researcher concluded that students need a constructive learning model to help them develop creative thinking and some basic basketball skills. The researcher recommends making use of modern models in lectures because of their major role in creative thinking and some basic basketball skills.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Assis Teacher . Rafaa Rahim Musa Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1185 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 The percentage of contribution of cerebral dominance of the two hemispheres to the level of technical performance of students in running the 110-meter hurdles https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1186 <p>The research aims to classify the sample members according to their respective styles: left, right, and integrated, and to identify the relationship between cerebral dominance according to the styles and the level of technical performance of students effectively running the 110-meter hurdles, and the percentage of the contribution of cerebral dominance to the level of technical performance of students effectively running the 110-meter hurdles. The researcher assumes that there is a significant correlation. A statistical function between the patterns of brain dominance (left, right, and integrated, and the level of technical performance of students in the effectiveness of running the 110-meter hurdles. There are varying contribution percentages of the patterns of dominance of the right, left, and integrated brain) in the level of technical performance of students in the effectiveness of running the 110-meter hurdles.</p> <p>The researcher used the descriptive approach in both survey and correlational studies because it suits the nature and problem of the research. The research population was determined by the students of the second stage in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences/University of Babylon, for the academic year (2022-2023), who numbered 185 students, and a sample of 30 students were chosen by a simple random lottery method. It was concluded that The researcher showed a real and clear relationship between the index of cerebral dominance of both the right and left hemispheres and the performance evaluation of students effectively running the 110-meter hurdles. There are varying contribution rates between the cerebral dominance of the two hemispheres of the brain and the performance evaluation of students effectively running the 110-meter hurdles.</p> Saad Tayeh Abd Falih Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1186 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Non-oxygen training according to a repetitive method and its effect on some biochemical variables and the achievement of running 200 m https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1187 <p>The research aims to identify the effect of non-oxygen training using the repetitive method on some biochemical variables and the achievement of running 200 m among members of the research sample of the control group. Identifying the effect of non-oxygen training using the repetitive method on some biochemical variables and the achievement of running 200 m among members of the research sample of the experimental group. As well as identifying the differences in some biochemical variables and the achievement of running 200 m in the post-tests between the experimental and control research groups. The researchers used the training curriculum to achieve the objectives of the research. The research population consisted of female runners from the Khanaqin Club for junior girls, aged (14-16 years), for the 200m running event, and they numbered (14) runners, for the season (2022-2023). The researcher chose his research sample in the following manner: Intentional, (two female runners) were excluded, one of them due to injury, and the other due to the incompatibility of her biological and training age with them, thus remaining (12) female runners.&nbsp; The vocabulary of this was applied. The curriculum was administered to the experimental group three days a week (Sunday, Tuesday, Thursday) for a period of (8) weeks, and the control group applied the usual exercises, and the researcher reached the following conclusions: The prepared training curriculum had positive effects in improving anoxic capabilities and developing the digital level of effectiveness. The experimental group ran the 200m for junior women compared to the control group. Non-oxygen training gives positive results and faster physiological adaptations than normal training. The results of the study showed an increase in the rate of development among members of the control group in the pre-test of the variables (CPK enzyme, LDH enzyme, lactic acid). The experimental group outperformed the control group in the posttest in all variables investigated.</p> prof. Dr. Tariq Ahmed Mirza, Basil Yahya Bahram Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1187 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 The percentage of contribution of some harmonic abilities to the performance of the two skills (rotation in the lateral gazelle position and rotation in the etude) in rhythmic gymnastics https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1188 <p>The sport of rhythmic gymnastics has developed in the recent period at the global and Olympic levels, with a remarkable development in distinguished performance that combines innovation and difficulty in forming movement sentences with various tools, whether in individual or team tournaments. This achievement reflects the interest of developed countries in working to mobilize all scientific efforts and methods in the field of training. And benefit from them to perform skills accurately and proficiently while saving time and effort.</p> <p>Coordination abilities are one of the important factors that affect the occurrence of motor learning, and they are the first effective means by which the higher the level of the athlete, the higher level is reached in his desired motor performance. Also, any motor skill, whether simple or complex, requires a certain amount of these abilities. In terms of the research problem, the researchers noticed the variation in the level of performance of female students in performing rhythmic gymnastics skills, as well as the difference in the level of performance of one student from one skill to another. From this standpoint, and with a desire to raise the level of skill performance in rhythmic gymnastics for female students of the Sports Training Division - Rhythmic Gymnastics, the researchers found It is necessary to identify the combinatorial abilities associated with the level of performance of each of the skills under research, as they are among the important factors that help outstanding skill performance in those skills, so that attention can be paid to developing the combinatorial abilities directly related to each skill, in order to raise the level of female students’ performance of those skills, and this is what prompted Researchers need to conduct such a study in order to identify the contribution rate of some harmonic abilities associated with the performance of some rhythmic gymnastics skills, and to know the extent of the importance of each of them in skill performance.</p> prof. Dr. Abdul Sattar Jassim Mohammed, Teacher.Dr. Nibras Abdel Sattar Hassoub, Assis Teacher. Youssef Sabah Jassim Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1188 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 The effect of the Barman model according to the cognitive method (holistic - analytical) in teaching some basic volleyball skills to students https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1189 <p>The importance of the current study lies in the use of a modern teaching model that keeps pace with the progress and development of the times, which is the (Barman) model, which represents one of the models of constructivist theory that makes the student the focus and part of the educational process and a participant in it. The use of this model came as an attempt to raise the level of students in skill performance, transmission and reception skills. And volleyball preparation. The study aimed to identify the effect of the (Barman) model with aids in the skill performance of some basic volleyball skills for students. The researchers assumed that there is a positive effect of the Barman model with aids in the skill performance of serving, receiving, and preparation in volleyball for students. .</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The researchers used the experimental method by designing two equal groups (experimental and control), and the research population was represented by second-year students in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences at Dhi Qar University for the academic year (2021-2022). The research sample amounted to (40) students, as they were chosen randomly and were They were divided into two groups with (20) students in each group. The experimental group was taught using the Barman model with assistive means, and the control group was taught according to the teaching mechanism used by the teacher in performance.</p> <p>The researchers concluded that the students of the experimental group that used the Barman model were clearly superior to the students of the control group that used the teaching mechanism used by the subject teacher</p> Ali Abbas Taher, Assis prof.Dr. Imad Kazem Thajeel Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1189 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Some forms of strength and their relationship to the completion of the 110-meter hurdles event among young players https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1190 <p>تم التطرق إلى تطور الانجازات الرياضية وتعد القوة العضلية احد اهم العوامل التي تؤثر على الأداء الرياضي، فهي تساعد العدائين لتمكينهم من القيام بالحركات اللازمة وعلى تحسين سرعة الحركة . وبالتالي فإن القوة العضلية لها دور كبير في تعزيز الأداء الرياضي للرياضيين اذ ان مسألة امتلاك العدائين لانواع القوة العضلية تكتسب أهمية وخصوصية في العملية التدريبية فقد لاحظ الباحثان ان هناك اختلاف بين عداء وأخر في انجاز 110 متر حواجز ويظهر ذلك واضحا من خلال نتائج التي يحصل عليها و تذبذب هذه النتيجة بين سباق واخر ما بين الايجابي والسلبي وقد تكون احد اهم الاسباب اختلاف القوة العضلية وتمثل عينة البحث بلاعبي منتخب الشباب واستخدم القياسات الخاصة لا استخراج النتائج واستنتج الباحثان هناك علاقة بين بعض انواع القوة مع انجاز 110 متر حواجز للعدائين الشباب واوصى الإهتمام بالنتائج التي اظهرتها الدراسة لكل من انواع القوة في انجاز</p> <p> 110 متر حواجز للعدائين الشباب.</p> Assis prof .Dr. Ali Abdel Azim Hamza,, Sami Ali Kazem Juma Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1190 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Using rehabilitative exercises and some physical therapy methods to rehabilitate the inflammation of carpal tunnel syndrome and its effect on the range of motion and the nerve of the muscles working on the hand grip among emerging boxers in some Basra clu https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1191 <p>The research included the introduction and the importance of the research, which focuses on the development taking place in all other sciences, including the sciences of physical education and sports medicine, including the rehabilitation of sports injuries in particular, especially the noble art sport (boxing), which has great importance because it depends on strength and speed in performance, whether in Competition or exercise, and the effect of that performance on the wrist joint due to the importance of its anatomical location in relation to the body. Similar to the research problem that the researchers diagnosed (carpal tunnel syndrome) in emerging boxers, the objectives are explained. The research aims to identify the effect of the proposed approach that includes some physical therapy methods and exercises. Rehabilitation for carpal tunnel syndrome for junior boxers and development of rehabilitation exercises for carpal tunnel syndrome for junior boxers. The researchers concluded: Conducting physical and laboratory (medical) tests is of great importance in determining the level and type of injury. Therapeutic exercises and medical methods also contributed to restoring the range of motion and muscle strength and freeing the damaged median nerve for the individuals in the research sample.</p> Mustafa Kazem Hanoun, Prof. Dr. Louay Kazem Mohammed, Assis prof .Dr. Alaa Abdel Hussein Dawoud Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1191 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 An approach to rehabilitating ankle joint stiffness and its impact on the physical capabilities of team sports players https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1192 <p>The importance of the research lies in the connection between physical education and the science of sports medicine because of its important role in treating those injuries that may expose the player to danger on the one hand, or rehabilitating and protecting athletes from those injuries on the other hand, and it created the necessity to find solutions and scientific means to reduce the injury or treat it and rehabilitate it. As quickly as possible, the researchers decided to address this problem and prepare an integrated rehabilitation approach using rehabilitation exercises with different repetitions and different means, including (rubber bands and weights) and therapeutic devices, as they are important and effective in removing cases of dysfunction of the muscles and joints and finding the best ways to reach the degree of complete recovery of the joint. Ankle and the player's rapid return to the field. The researchers concluded that the curriculum prepared by the researchers led to a significant increase in joint flexibility for all members of the research sample, and there is a discrepancy between the measurements in the tests before implementing the prepared rehabilitation curriculum and after its implementation through the results of the research in the physical capabilities of the sample members suffering from ankle joint stiffness. The curriculum was also shared. Rehabilitation used to strengthen the muscles working on the ankle joint and treat stiffness</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Walid Hani Muhammad, Prof. Dr. Qusay Saleh Mal Allah Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1192 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Mental skills and their relationship to some basic skills for female volleyball players at Acad Sports Club - Ainkawa https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1193 <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Volleyball is one of the group games that is characterized by its many basic skills. “The success of any team in it depends primarily on the extent of its members’ proficiency in those basic skills of the game.” It has developed significantly in the recent period because there were necessities for that remarkable development, so new and complex skills appeared and became Each position in the match is important for achieving a specific skill due to the multiple types and strengths of play.</p> <p>Therefore, the importance of training these skills in an elaborate and thoughtful manner in order to advance the perfect and perfect performance of these skills serves the development taking place in the game and helps in achieving the levels that lead to the high level of ideal performance that is characterized by accuracy, beauty and agility of movement and then achieve victory.</p> <p>The research aimed to - identify the level of mental skills of female volleyball players and the basic skills of female volleyball players. Identify the correlation between mental skills and basic skills of female volleyball players. The method used in the research is the descriptive method, and the study sample consisted of female volleyball team players for the Akad Sports Club in Ainkawa. One of the tools used in the research was a questionnaire designed by two British researchers in sports psychology - North University. Wells measures seven important aspects of the mental aspect and skill tests to measure the skills of the smash hit and the blocking wall in the game and some other tools. The research reached the results of the emergence of significant differences between female players in all mental skills. Significant differences appear in the skills of the smash hit and blocking wall in volleyball.</p> Assis Teacher. Munira Othman Hassan, Teacher.Dr. Iman Elias Ezzo Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1193 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 The effect of exercises with central and peripheral resistances and their impact on the speed-distinguishing strength of the muscles of the arms and legs in terms of stability and movement and the completion of the 50-meter freestyle swimming for youth https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1194 <p>The research aims to prepare exercises with central and peripheral resistances for the 50-meter freestyle swimming, to identify the effect of using exercises with central and peripheral resistances in developing the speed-distinguishing strength of the muscles of the arms and legs from stability and movement for the research sample, to identify the effect of using exercises with central and peripheral resistances in the achievement of the 50-meter freestyle swimming.</p> <p>The experimental method was used and in the design of one group, the researcher chose the sample in the intentional way, and they are the youth swimmers for ages under 19 years old for Sayed Sadiq Sports Club, where (7) swimmers were selected out of (12) swimmers, which constitute (58.3%) of the original community of the sample and tests Multiple dependent variables (strength characterized by speed of the muscles of the arms and legs in terms of stability, movement, and achievement). The period of the curriculum was central and peripheral resistance exercises that lasted for (12) weeks. The curriculum was implemented by three units per week, with a time of (22-55) minutes per unit. Where it was measured and tested in pretests and post-tests, the researchers concluded that training with central and peripheral resistances had a positive effect on the development of physical abilities (the strength of the muscles of the arms and legs in terms of stability and movement), that training with central and peripheral resistances had a positive effect on developing Achievement among the research sample members.</p> Hana Mohamed Ahmed, Prof. Nadhim Jabbar Jalal Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1194 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 The level of ambition and its relationship to psychological endurance among students of the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences for Girls https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1195 <p>The importance lies. Research to find out the strength of the relationship between levels. Ambition and psychological endurance of female students, as for the research problem and through follow-up. Researcher for female students in the College of Education. Physical and sports sciences for girls / University of Baghdad. It can be found through one of the following questions: - Is there a relationship? Strong correlation between level of ambition. And psychological endurance among students of the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences for Girls?</p> <p>The study aims. To (identify the degree of psychological endurance among students of the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences for Girls / University of Baghdad, identify the level of ambition among students of the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences for Girls / University of Baghdad</p> <p>I used the researcher. Descriptive approach in style. Survey and relationships. Relationship, I choose. Researcher, research community. In the intentional way, they are female students from the College of Education, Physical Education and Sports Sciences for Girls/University of Baghdad for the year (2022-2023), numbering (200) female students, and the sample number for the research. In the main study (30) female students were chosen randomly, and after presenting and discussing the results, the researcher came to the following conclusions: The sample members enjoyed... Research is an ambitious level. Good and in varying proportions. According to the goal of each student. There is a direct relationship. Between both levels of ambition. And psychological endurance. I have sample individuals. .search.</p> Dr. Wijdan Sobeih Hussein Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1195 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 The Effects of Dry Needling and Physical Therapy on Improvement of Pain in Patients with Piriformis Syndrome https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1196 <p>Background: Piriformis syndrome may be source of low back, buttock pain or sciatica. The purpose of this Study is to determine the effectiveness of dry needling (ND) and classical physiotherapy (PT) in the management of pain in patients with Piriformis Syndrome (PS).</p> <p>Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted 58 patients with PS were divided to two groups classical PT (n=29) and DN (n=29). 6 sessions performed for both groups, the pain measured before the first session and after each session at the end of both program, both groups were compared to determine which of them is more effective.</p> <p>Results: The result showed that there was significant reduction of pain in both classical PT and dry needling groups. Paired-Sample T.Test indicated significantly difference mean ratings of pain affect from session 1 compare to session 6 for classical physical therapy T<sub>(28)</sub> =&nbsp; 14.065 , p = 0.000. in other group Paired-Sample T.Test also showed significantly difference mean ratings of pain affect from session 1 compare to session 6 for dry needling therapy T<sub>(28)</sub> =&nbsp; 11.119, p = 0.000.</p> <p>Conclusion: Based on the results of statistical data analysis, it is concluded that both classical physical therapy and dry needling therapy have significant effect in treating and managing the pain in patients with piriformis syndrome and no significant difference was observed between the results of both groups.</p> Dr. Ali Hussein Youssif Astokorki Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1196 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 تأثير تمرينات مهارية لاهوائية بالأسلوبين المفرد والمركب في عدد من القدرات البدنية للاعبات كرة القدم الخماسي https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1197 <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Through the researcher's field experience and observation of the training and matches of the Girls' Sports Club, he found that there is a deficiency in the level of skill preparation for football coaches, as he noticed the interest of the working coaches in developing basic skills individually only. Therefore, the researcher decided to try two training methods in developing the basic skills in football for the girl’s club by adopting the skills training method individually, while the second method relied on training more than one skill in one skill exercise, in order to conduct a scientific comparison showing the effect of each skill method on all Physical Aspects The researcher used the experimental method for its suitability and the nature of the research problem. The research population was determined intentionally from the players of Al-Fatat Erbil Football Club who participated in the Kurdistan Region Championship for the 2022-2023 season, numbering 14 players. The undulation of the movement of the training load in the two training programs was approved. To increase the total training volume for each minor course. The researcher concluded the following:</p> <p>1- Anaerobic skill exercises using the single method achieved good development in all the physical variables under study</p> <p>2-Anaerobic skill exercises using the combined method achieved good development in all the physical variables under study.</p> Assit.Prof. Dr. Omar Majeed Agha Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1197 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Building a battery for tests of combinatorial abilities for some basic skills in futsal https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1198 <p>The research aims to: determine the combinatorial abilities of some basic skills in futsal for female players in Kurdistan clubs, and to reach a simple factorial structure for tests of the combinatorial abilities of some basic skills in futsal for female players in Kurdistan clubs, and to extract a battery of tests of combinatorial abilities specific to some basic skills in futsal for female players. The researchers used the descriptive approach using the correlational method and standard equations, and the research population was determined from the female players of Kurdistan futsal clubs for the Kurdistan Region clubs for the 2021-2022 season, and their number was (6) clubs, with a total of (70) female players. The research sample consisted of the sample of the first exploratory experiment. (10) female athletes. The main experiment was conducted by applying tests to the sample in order to reach accurate results in a way that serves the research. The researchers used the statistical method known as the ready-made statistical package (SSPS) and the Excel program. Several conclusions were reached, including the following:</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp; Factor analysis using orthogonal rotation, which was conducted on (15) tests of special combinatorial abilities, revealed five factors that were accepted in light of the conditions set for accepting the factor. The factors that emerged through the analysis of the candidate tests that were accepted and interpreted allow giving them the following names:</p> <p>A- Determining the situation and changing direction / the first factor, B- Adapting to the change situation / the second factor</p> <p>C - Position determination and motor response / the third factor. D - Change of direction and motor association / the fourth factor</p> <ul> <li>The special combinatorial abilities test battery was extracted in light of its factors extracted in this research, the units of which represent the highest ramifications of the factors, which are: A - Passing on moving targets to represent the first factor, B - Receiving with turning, then running, then aiming / to represent the second factor, C - Rolling. Then specific shooting / to represent the third factor - jumping and stability, then ball handling / to represent the fourth factor. The researchers recommended several recommendations, including the following: Adopting the extracted battery as an objective method for coaches to adopt in measuring special combinatorial abilities.</li> </ul> Zana Majeed Ahmed, prof. Dr. Majeed Khada Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1198 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Codifying the aesthetic values scale for male and female physical education teachers in Nineveh Governorate schools https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1199 <p>The aim of the current research is to: Standardization of the aesthetic values scale prepared by (Al-Bajari, 2005) for male and female physical education teachers in schools in Nineveh Governorate, after answering the following questions: What is the significance of the correlation coefficients between the scores of the scale items and the scores of the fields to which they belong when applying the scale to the sample of the current research? What is the significance of the correlation coefficients between the scores of the scale’s domains and the scale’s total score? What are the validity indicators for the items of the aesthetic values scale using the peripheral comparison method among male and female physical education teachers? What are the indicators of the scale’s stability after standardizing it on the research sample? The researchers used the descriptive approach for its suitability and the nature of the research. The research included a sample of (429) teachers and schools who specialize in physical education and sports sciences and are affiliated with the secondary, middle and middle schools of the General Directorate of Education of Nineveh Governorate. The research used a scale of aesthetic values (46) items, &nbsp;&nbsp;and the researchers concluded that the standardized scale can be used in the future to measure the level of aesthetic values of physical education teachers, especially after modifications were made to it to become compatible with the cognitive and professional characteristics of the sample members</p> Teacher.Dr. Faleh Taha Abdel Asi, Teacher.Dr. Anmar Abdel Moneim Younis Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1199 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 تأثير تمرينات تعليمية مقترحة لتعزيز دافعية التغذية الراجعة حول معرفة تعلم دقة الأداء و النتيجة لمهارة التهديف من القفز إلى الأعلى بكرة السلة بعمر (15 - 14) سنة https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1200 <p>The research aims to design proposed educational exercises based on enhancing motivation (external - delayed feedback) to learn about learning accuracy of performance and accuracy of results in closed skills and the extent of their impact and effectiveness on the research sample to learn the scoring skill of jumping to the top with a basketball (under study). The researcher used the experimental method. On a sample consisting of a group of middle school students whose ages ranged from (15 - 14) years, numbering (56) students, the research sample became (20) students distributed into two experimental groups, each group containing (10) students, after which the proposed educational exercises were applied. In each group, it is necessary to show that the experimental group (the first) was given their own exercises reinforced with (delayed external feedback) to learn the accuracy of performance and a number of repetitions related and appropriate to learning the accuracy of the result, in addition to emphasizing giving them verbal and visual encouragement. As for the experimental group ( Second) exercises were applied to teach them the accuracy of the results in addition to giving them verbal encouragement only. In order to identify which of the two experimental groups is better at learning the skill described above in order to reach maximum learning and mastery, the researcher designed a curriculum that contains a number of suggested exercises distributed among the educational units. In a number of (6) weeks, the researcher reached several conclusions, the most important of which was that the proposed exercises designed by the researcher and included in the independent variable (external - delayed feedback) had a positive and clear effect in learning the two research groups the accuracy of scoring by jumping to the top with a basketball and in different proportions. It varies, and preference goes to the experimental group.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> Teacher .Dr. Amer Khalaf Abboud Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1200 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 The effect of the self-review method enhanced by scheduling fixed and variable exercises in developing some aspects of attention and learning some basic skills in volleyball. https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1201 <p>The current study aimed to reveal the effect of enhancing the self-review method through the arrangement of fixed and variable exercises used to develop certain aspects of attention in three research groups. In addition to enhancing the effect of the self-review method through the arrangement of fixed and variable exercises and the method used by the three research groups in learning the technical performance of some basic volleyball skills.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp; The researchers used the experimental method by designing equal groups. The research sample amounted to (30) students from the first stage at the University of Mosul in the College of Basic Education, Department of Physical Education and Sports Sciences / Nineveh Governorate. The sample was divided into (3) groups with (10) students. In each group, the first experimental group is taught according to the method of self-review enhanced by scheduling the fixed exercise, while the second experimental group is taught according to the method of self-review enhanced by scheduling the variable exercise, while the control group is taught according to the teacher’s method followed, and the curriculum included The educational unit consists of (24) educational units, one educational unit per week for each group. The educational unit time is (90) minutes. The researchers concluded the following: The results showed a positive effect of the self-review method enhanced by scheduling fixed and variable exercises and the method used in developing some aspects of attention. The two experimental groups (first and second), which used the method of self-review enhanced by scheduling constant and variable, also outperformed the control group, which used the method used to develop some aspects of attention.</p> Dr. Amina Karim Hussein, a. M. Dr. Ali Fattah Rashid, M. Dr. Saadallah Saeed Majeed Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1201 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 التركيب العاملي للمتغيرات الانثروبومترية والبدنية والحركية للاعبي المبارزة https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1202 <p>For the purpose of finding the global construction of anthropometric, physical and kinetic variables for fencing players, which constitutes the concluded factors and fits it as a measuring criterion. The researcher adopted the descriptive method on surveying a sample of (60) fencing players from the Sports Talent Center. The anthropometric measurements, physical and kinetic capabilities were determined. The obtained was statistically analyzed by using correlation analysis as one of the best and most reliable methods of advanced statistics. According to the results of the correlation analysis of anthropometric measurements (25 proposed measurements and&nbsp;&nbsp; tests), the four concluded factors were accepted, interpreted and named as (lengths, physical capabilities, kinetic capabilities, transitional speed).&nbsp; The acceptance was due to the higher accumulated results which lead to the verification of the general objective of the study. These concluded factors of this study can be used for selecting fencing players. On the basis of the conditions set for the acceptance of the correlation, six factors were rejected for not meeting the conditions and hence, not representing the published criterion. According the results of this study, the use of physical measurements and physical and kinetic tests in training programs was recommended to determine the level of fencing players. Moreover, there is a need to conduct further studies to measure other parameters such as psychological, physiological and mental capabilities on the same group or the other age groups.</p> Assis. Prof. Dr. Noor Hatem AlHaddad, Prof. Dr. Dhafer Namoos AlTaie. Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1202 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 دراسة مقارنة في بعض المتغيرات البايوكيميائية وبعض الصفات البدنية قبل وأثناء الدورة الشهرية لدى لاعبات نادي آكاد بكرة الطائرة https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1203 <p>&nbsp; The importance of the current study lies in the fact that biochemical and physical measurements in the sports field play an important role in predicting the abilities of athletes and their functional and physical performance and the extent of their improvement, in addition to the importance of these measurements in directing the individual to the sport that is most appropriate to his physical potential and functional abilities. It is also considered a measure for monitoring the athlete’s performance during the training period. The problem of the research came from the necessity of identifying the extent of knowledge of the biochemical and physical differences among the female players of the ACAD Volleyball Club during and during the menstrual cycle. Eight female players from the Acad Volleyball Club were selected randomly. The researcher used many tests, including red blood cells (RBC), white blood cells (WBC), platelets (PLT), and hemoglobin (HGB) percentage. Hematocrit ratio (HCT), blood sugar (Glucose), harmful cholesterol (LDL), benign cholesterol (HDL), triglycerides, in addition to physical tests. The researcher concluded that there are clear differences in the number of red blood cells between the two measurements before the menstrual cycle and during the menstrual cycle for the research sample in favor of the measurement before the menstrual cycle. . There are no clear differences in biochemical variables between the two measurements before the menstrual cycle and during the menstrual cycle for the research sample consisting of female ACAD volleyball club players during the menstrual cycle.</p> M. Dr. Zain Bayes Tahir Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1203 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 The effect of yoga exercises to develop the health and physical fitness of female participants in fitness centers https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1204 <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; The importance of research into using yoga exercises in the interval training method to develop health and physical fitness among participants in fitness centers lies in the fact that women have become aware of the importance of practicing exercise in order to obtain a fit figure, in addition to general health, which must use the correct scientific method within fitness centers. Physical.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; By preparing and designing yoga exercises using the interval training method, the research aimed to prepare a training curriculum using yoga exercises to develop health and physical fitness among female participants in fitness centers and to identify the effect of using yoga exercises to develop health and physical fitness among female participants in fitness centers.</p> <p>&nbsp; The experimental method was used to suit the nature of the research, and the sample included (8) women aged (25-35) years. The researchers used the experimental method to suit the nature of the research, and the training program was applied at the rate of three training units per week. The researchers concluded that the yoga program had a role in reducing excess body weight or increasing health and physical fitness, and the results were positive. Yoga exercises developed the elements of health and physical fitness, which are cardiorespiratory fitness, body composition, muscle strength, flexibility, and agility.</p> Assistant Teacher. Karwan Ali Omar, Prof.Dr. Haval Khorshid Rafiq Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1204 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Correcting the accuracy of performance and developing some biomechanical indicators through visual monitoring and feedback of hammer throwing to applicants https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1205 <p>&nbsp; Visual observation and feedback with a sense of movement are the basis for the picture of correct performance in the hammer throw. This leads the thrower to control the movements that occur and allows him to review other aspects of movement so that the feedback information is consistent with the picture of motor performance, which allows the thrower to perform better in competition situations. The researchers wanted to find solutions to this problem through visual monitoring of the pitcher’s performance and review by the player and coach to identify the exact defect in performance and avoid it through repeated practices accompanied by this type of feedback. The research may require measuring some mechanical variables to demonstrate the effectiveness of using feedback through repeated and immediate visual review in correcting them. The research was applied to a sample of advanced Iraqi hammer throwers three times a week for a period of (7) weeks. Among the results of the research was the development of the instantaneous momentum at the moment of throwing, and the development of The resulting acceleration (vertical and tangential) at the moment the hammer is fired, the differences in the momentum between the throwing position and the final throw decrease, and the final achievement improves.</p> prof. Dr. Abd Ali Al-Fartusi Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1205 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 The effect of exercises using circuit training to develop the speed requirements of chair fencing players https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1206 <p>The sword fencing event is one of the activities practiced by people with disabilities on chairs, and it requires a quick motor response from the disabled person. The optimal choice and use of the training method, the method of performing the exercises, and the appropriate amount of effort is crucial in creating a spirit of challenge and motivating players to achieve faster and more accurate movements. Circular exercises are one of the Effective training methods in achieving the development of speed and movement among disabled players. Through the researcher’s work, the researcher noticed that there is a weakness among Iraqi players in response speed, and this may be one of the most important reasons why traditional training programs are insufficient to develop the speed requirements of disabled players. The aim of the research is to identify the effect Exercises using circular training to develop the speed requirements of disabled fencing players were applied to (6) elite players to determine the effect of exercises using circular training on speed requirements, using special tests for the speed of motor performance of the hands and the speed of stabbing, conducting special tests, and applying the exercises. The researcher concluded that adopting exercises using... Circular training develops the speed requirements of fencing players for the disabled, and it is definitely recommended to use this type of training.</p> Assis Teacher . Diyar Nasr Majeed Ali Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1206 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 A three-dimensional study of the maximum linear velocity results for parts and center of gravity of body and the racket and the ball when performing the backhand (straight - diagonal) in tennis https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1207 <p>The backstroke in tennis is characterized by its difficulty and because of its less use. It is a defensive and offensive skill alike. It is performed in two types (straight and diagonal). This skill lacks a lot of information and studies are almost devoid of it, and the information we receive in the direction of biomechanics is very little. Knowing the behavior of the kinematic variables from the three directions is very important, as the availability of this new information will lead to the new horizons about this skill.</p> <p>The lack of three-dimensional analytical studies with modern and more accurate programs to include all the variables of this strike led us to carry out a study using the three-dimensional analysis in the international (APAS) program, because the analysis in this program is close to the truth, and the movement is studied in its real space, which helps the trainers In rationing their work, this is because the three dimensions determine all the paths of the parts of the body or the ball in space in terms of approach, height, and distance, and give the variables their value more accurately. And the comparison between the two types, and the sample included two players from Al-Kufa Club in Al-Najaf Governorate, and they represent the Iraqi national team. It is noted that the left foot is the late foot, and it is noted that the speed it exerted in the diagonal type was greater, because the player directs the ball in a way that contradicts its true direction, which requires more pushing with this foot. Likewise, the right hip is the hip on which the body will rotate in the diagonal type because the right foot It is the pivot foot, and the instantaneous velocity was greater in the diagonal backhand kick in order to deliver the ball to an area farther than the straight backhand kick accuracy area.</p> Prof. Dr. Hussein Mardan Omer, Ass. L. Dhaha Tareq Shawkat Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1207 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Building a battery of basic skills tests for football academies players aged (12-13) years in Garmian https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1208 <p>The aim of the research is to build a test battery to measure basic skills in football academies at the ages of (12-13) years in Karmian, by determining the basic skills of football academies at ages (12-13) years in Karmian, reaching a simple factorial construction for some of the basic skills of In football academies at the ages of (12-13) years in Karmian, extracting a test battery for some of the basic skills of football academies at the ages of (12-13) years in Karmian, finding standard scores for the battery extracted for some basic skills for football academies at ages (12-13) ) years old in Karmian.</p> <p>The researchers used the descriptive method in the manner of correlational studies and standard rates for its suitability to the nature of the research. The research sample consisted of (165) players representing (7) clubs, schools and football academies in the Karmian district. The random method was adopted as a basis for their selection, then the basic skills in football were identified. Football is for juniors, and (15) skill tests have been approved. In order to achieve the objectives of the research, appropriate statistical methods were used, and after conducting the factorial analysis of the skill variables, the analysis concluded that (15) factors were accepted (3) of which were accepted in the light of the conditions set for the worker’s acceptance. The highest saturations on the factors are:</p> <p>- The first factor: accuracy of handling and control, and he was nominated for the long handling accuracy test on a circle of radius 2 m from a distance of 20 yards, the second factor: rolling, and he was recommended to test the accuracy of medium handling for a distance of 20 meters on a circle, the third factor: the accuracy of kicking the ball, and he was nominated for the ball rolling test between 5 The signs of the distance between them are one meter back and forth, and in light of the conclusions that the researchers reached several recommendations, the most important of which are: Adopting a battery of basic skills extracted by football academies in the provinces of Kurdistan.</p> Prof. Dr Majeed Khudaykhsh Asad, Assist. prof Dr Haidar Bawakhan Ahmad, assist .prof Dr Hussen Shafeeq Hussen Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1208 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 تصميم وحدات تعليمية على وفق المجموعات المرنة لتعلم لبعض المهارات الأساسية في التنس الارضي https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1209 <p>The flexible group strategy is one of the most important strategies through which the diversification of education is achieved, and enables it to tailor educational/learning activities to suit the needs and abilities of the learners. It also achieves societal goals and comprehensive, equal development for all learners despite the individual differences that exist among them, and from here it stands out. The importance of the study in studying and designing educational units according to flexible groups and their relationship to learning some basic skills in tennis. The current research aims to design educational units according to flexible groups and their relationship to learning some basic skills in ground tennis for the academic year 2022-2023. The researcher used the experimental method using two equal groups to suit the nature of the research problem, and through the results, the researcher concluded that using the flexible groups strategy is more effective than the method used to learn some basic skills in tennis. The researcher recommended the need to use a flexible group strategy in the academic education system for colleges of physical education and sports sciences.</p> Nour Ali Hussein Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1209 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 A comparative study of the level of some elements of physical fitness among students of Nineveh Secondary School for Outstanding Students and Nineveh Secondary School for Outstanding Students in the city of Mosul https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1210 <p>The research goal is to:</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp; Identifying the differences in the level of some elements of physical fitness between students of Nineveh High School for Outstanding Students and Nineveh High School for Outstanding Students in the city of Mosul.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp; The experimental method was used for its suitability and the nature of the research. The research population was determined by fifth grade middle school students in Nineveh Secondary School for Outstanding Students and Nineveh Secondary School for Outstanding Students in Nineveh Governorate for the academic year 2022-2023, who numbered (137) students. The research sample consisted of fifth grade middle school students in Secondary School. Nineveh for the outstanding students, Division (A), numbering (35) students, and among the students of the fifth year of middle school in Nineveh High School for the outstanding students, Division (A), numbering (37) students. Thus, the number of the research sample for the two schools became (72) students, with a percentage amounting to (52.55%). The physical fitness elements for the research were identified, and then the most important physical tests for the physical elements under study were identified by presenting them to the experts. Scientific coefficients were conducted for the nominated tests, and the following statistical methods were used (arithmetic mean, standard deviation, percentage, simple correlation coefficient (Pearson). ), test (t)) The data was processed using statistical packages (SPSS).</p> <p>The researcher concluded the following:</p> <ul> <li>There are no significant differences between Nineveh Secondary School for outstanding students and Nineveh Secondary School for outstanding students in the test (20m standing sprint). Test (broad jump from a standstill). Barrow's zigzag running test. Test (bending the torso forward from standing).</li> </ul> Teacher.Dr. Anmar Abdel Moneim Younis Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1210 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Various training loads and their impact on lactic ability and some biochemical variables among badminton players https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1211 <p>The study aimed to identify the effect of various training loads on lactic ability and some biochemical variables among badminton players. The researcher used the experimental method to suit the nature of the research. The research sample included (7) badminton players, and the duration of the program’s implementation lasted for (8) years. Weeks at a rate of (4) training units per week, and after implementing the program within the prescribed period, the researcher reached the following conclusions: The level of lactic ability of the research sample improved, and the percentage of red blood cells and hemoglobin improved. The researcher recommends adopting the implemented program and implementing it during the training modules for the effectiveness</p> Assis prof . Dr.. Hussein Ali Hussein Al-Kufi Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1211 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 ((The Effect of an Educational Program Using a Model (Hierarchical Learning Method) in Learning the Crushing Hit Skills in Volleyball)) https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1212 <p>With advances in various mathematical sciences, including teaching methods, researchers advancing education have sought to answer research questions about students' disproportionately weak skills in learning technical subjects.</p> <p>The purpose of this study was also to determine the impact of an educational program with a multi-level learning approach on learning volleyball strategy. Researchers use experimental methods because they meet their research needs. The research team included second-year students from the Faculty of Physical Education, Exercise and Exercise Science at Hamdaniya University. The number of students is (66). The study sample was limited to her 40 students, Divided into two groups</p> Assistant Professor. Dr. ENTETHAR FAROQ ALLYAS SORAN, Assistant Professor. Dr. KHALID A. ABDLHAMEED AL- KHATEEB, Assistant Professor. Dr. Khalid Mohammed Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1212 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 The effect of exercises using aids to improve some biomechanical variables of the tennis serve for students https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1213 <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; There is a group of students who suffer from not learning the skills completely or correctly, and therefore we need corrective exercises that help improve the students’ learning. Therefore, the researchers decided to use corrective exercises with modern aids that contribute to correcting and improving the students’ level of tennis skills in the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences/ Al Ain Private University / third stage.</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Preparing corrective exercises using modern means to correct mistakes for the forehand and backhand tennis skills for students of the College of Physical Education, Al Ain National University, third level, for the academic year (2021-2022). The research community was represented by students from the College of Physical Education and Sports Sciences, Al Ain University, and the research community was identified in an intentional way to conduct the research on them. As for the research sample, it was chosen by random drawing by lottery, provided that the research requirements were met, including those who were late in learning skills well, as this was determined through observation and asking the subject teacher. Their number reached (23) students aged (22-23) years, and two players were replaced. Of those who did not commit to attending the pre-test, the percentage of the research sample reached (43.478%). The researchers concluded that corrective exercises using modern means improved the level and depth of skill performance for the forehand and backhand skills in a short time.</p> Assis Teacher . Saba Laith Ismail, Prof. Dr. Adel Odeh Al-Ghazi Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1213 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 “A comparative study into the teaching competencies required for professors of colleges and departments of physical education and sports sciences in the universities of Nineveh Governorate.” https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1214 <p>The research aims to identify: -</p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Identifying the level of teaching competencies to develop the teacher’s personality and the differences in the necessary teaching competencies among professors of colleges and departments of physical education and sports sciences according to two variables (scientific title, years of service). The researchers used the descriptive approach and the survey method, and the research sample was selected using a comprehensive, intentional inventory method. The research included (126) teachers from the college and departments of physical education and sports sciences in the universities of Nineveh Governorate. The researchers used the teaching competencies prepared by (Hamdan, 2011). The questionnaire consisted of (70) items distributed over five dimensions. The questionnaire items were answered according to five alternatives, and the data was processed statistically using the percentage, arithmetic mean, standard deviation, alpha coefficient, and analysis of variance using the statistical program (SPSS) in analyzing the data. .</p> <p>The researchers concluded the following: -</p> <p>1- Investing the lesson time is good and distributing the lesson time among the lesson elements.</p> <p>&nbsp;2- The teacher’s investment in training opportunities, meetings, and scientific seminars to raise the level.</p> <p>3- Building a self-evaluation process by the physical education teacher regarding his level of performance according to the teaching competencies necessary for him.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> م. نور فارس احمد, Teacher. Silwan Talal Abdul Karim, Teacher. Rasha Kedar Abdel Hamid Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1214 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 Some kinesthetic abilities and their relationship to the ability of motor balance among novice gymnastics https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1215 <p>The research included four chapters, the first chapter contained the introduction to the research and its importance, and the game of gymnastics and the ability of balance was one of the basics in the world of gymnastics, as the player was able to maintain the stability of her body during the performance of various exercises, whether those exercises were on the ground or on the tools, and the player must be able to rely on an accurate sensory system that enables her to sense and correct her movements immediately and effectively, and the problem of research emerged during the question What is the relationship between sense abilities? Kinetic with the ability of motor balance among novice gymnasts? The researcher used the descriptive approach on a sample of (8) novice players and identified the researcher tests for kinetic sense abilities (test sense of distance and test sense of strength and test sense of time as well as a test of balance fixed and moving and conduct the main experiment and after processing the data concluded researcher that there is a relationship between some abilities sense motor and its relationship to the ability of motor balance among gymnastics beginners and recommended the researcher the use of measurements sense of kinetic resulting from this study as a primary method of selection of the play. ..</p> م.د. ميس علاء الدين Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1215 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300 The predictive value of the level of scoring skill in terms of some physical abilities as an indicator of the selection of female futsal players for women https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1216 <p>As forecasting is used in the field of futsal to reveal the future of the players through the selection process to continue practicing this sport that suits their capabilities and abilities, and this process falls on the responsibility of the competent coach and the special tests conducted in the selection process and the research problem is concentrated in the percentage of the contribution of each variable of physical abilities in the scoring skill of the players to predict the performance of the skill as well as to identify the basic needs in order to select facts and concepts and achieve high achievements in the game of ball Futsal and the aim of the research to identify the percentage of the contribution of some physical abilities to the skill level of scoring skill among futsal players on the sample of the main experiment and the number of (22) players and used the descriptive approach and determine the use of the descriptive approach and determined the skill of scoring accuracy and physical abilities (explosive power of the legs and transitional speed and endurance speed and agility and conducted the researcher exploratory experiment and a major experiment The researcher used statistical means and concluded the researcher shares variable (kinetic agility), with the highest percentage of contribution to scoring accuracy in Futsal for women recommended the necessity of</p> م.د. دعاء عائد شمخي الطائي Copyright (c) 2024 https://joupess.uobabylon.edu.iq/index.php/pess/article/view/1216 Tue, 28 Nov 2023 00:00:00 +0300